Friday, July 24, 2020
Genuphobia, the Fear of Knees Phobias Types Print Genuphobia: The Fear of Knees By Lisa Fritscher Lisa Fritscher is a freelance writer and editor with a deep interest in phobias and other mental health topics. Learn about our editorial policy Lisa Fritscher Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on August 05, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on January 19, 2020 Doug Menuez / Getty Images More in Phobias Types Causes Symptoms and Diagnosis Treatment The fear of knees, or genuphobia, is relatively rare. Like most phobias, genuphobia varies widely in severity. Some people are afraid only of seeing uncovered knees in person, while others are afraid of bare knees even on film. People with this phobia may be afraid of all knees or only their own. Some people are actually scared of kneeling. Causes of Genuphobia Genuphobia is often, but not always, triggered by a negative experience. If you have experienced a traumatic knee injury, you may be more likely to develop this fear. However, the traumatic experience need not have happened to you personally. Seeing a major knee injury happen to a friend or relative may be enough to trigger the fear. In some cases, genuphobia develops after watching a characters kneecaps get broken in a gangster film. Childhood experiences may also influence the development of phobias. Some cases of genuphobia can be traced to a highly religious or culturally conservative upbringing. Many religions and some cultures require conservative dress. Choosing not to reveal your knees or look at someone elses for religious or cultural reasons is not diagnosable as a phobia. However, an issue can arise in those who no longer practice a conservative religion or live in a conservative culture. Many people transition into mainstream secular life without significant difficulties. But some people find themselves stuck, unable to overcome years of religious or cultural training. If you are unable to overcome your fear of knees, consultation with a mental health professional or a spiritual advisor in your new religion of choice may be in order. Some cases of genuphobia have no apparent cause at all. Fortunately, it is rarely necessary to understand the cause of a phobia in order to successfully treat it. Complications Mainstream society today is exceptionally body-conscious. From formal wear to sports attire, virtually all forms of clothing offer short options that show off the legs. It would be nearly impossible to venture out of the house without seeing someone elses knees. Even if your fear is strictly of your own knees, it may be extremely difficult to keep them covered at all times. Restricting your clothing to only those items that fully cover your knees could make it difficult to swim, participate in some sports, or wear certain items of clothing. It might even be difficult or impossible for you to take certain jobs, as some uniforms consist of shorts or skirts that are above the knee. Intimacy could also pose a problem. Some people with genuphobia are extremely sensitive about having their knees touched or touching someone elses. It is difficult to share a bed with someone else without ever brushing against each others knees. Fear of Kneeling The fear of kneeling technically falls under the term genuphobia, although it may be an entirely separate fear. Some people with a fear of kneeling are also uncomfortable with knees in general, but many are not. Instead, the fear of kneeling is often rooted in self-consciousness or fears of submission and vulnerability. This phobia may cause difficulty in religious practice, some sports, and the performance of certain job duties. Some people are unable to kneel due to medical conditions. Although there may be some affiliated fear of pain or of being unable to get back up, this is not actually considered a phobia. However, it is possible to develop a fear of kneeling during a temporary injury that does not subside when the injury heals. Coping With Genuphobia Like most phobias, the fear of knees varies widely in severity and the level at which it affects sufferers lives. Many people have a relatively mild fear that can be kept under control by simply averting their eyes from other peoples knees. If your phobia is more severe, however, you may need professional assistance. Your therapist will work with you to develop a treatment plan to overcome your fear. Cognitive-behavioral techniques, hypnotherapy, and other measures may be used. If your fear is affecting your life, ask your therapist for some techniques to keep your fear under control while you are undergoing treatment.
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Friday, May 22, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1120 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2019/04/15 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Christopher Columbus Essay Did you like this example? Christopher Columbus was a great philosopher. He wrote a letter to the Civil War Reconstruction which happened following the civil war from 1865 to 1877 (Levine 59). The reconstruction aim was to reform the south for the states that were previously rebellious to rejoin the union and give equal rights to the former slaves. His efforts are recognized globally in todays world of history (Levine 60). He was an Italian navigator and explorer born in the year 1451 in the Genoa Republic which is now known as Italy but unfortunately died in 20th May 1506 (Phillips and Phillips 433). He sailed from Spain throughout the Atlantic in Santa Maria with the Nina and Pinta ships alongside with a hope of finding a different route heading to India. His exploration career began at a very tender age. He was an educated man full of vigor and knowledge about the water transport industry. Despite this, he was also a political influencer since he carried out a commission from the queen and king of Spain who empowered him to acquire and discover certain mainland and islands in the sea ocean though his political energy was later revoked by the king. (Phillips and Phillips 403) This special letter was directed at a specific group of people. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "A Man, Who Changed World History" essay for you Create order The destined audience was the aristocratic Lord Raphael Sanchez who was the treasurer to their most unconquerable majesties together with King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of the Spanish citizens. He communicated in a simple language that everyone could understand since his letter is used in the modern day analysis, interpretation and understanding of the American civil war. His assumption that the reader would conceive whatever he wanted to convey has been greatly achieved (Phillips and Phillips 409). He wrote this document by himself on 15th February in the year 1493 while still at sea returning to his voyage (Levine 61). The writing was very instrumental in news spreading in Europe about his adventure. In his book Stave, he claims to have taken possession and revealed several islands on the Indian ocean edge in Asia. He describes the journey saying that he traveled for thirty-three days arriving in the Indies islands inhabited only by the Indians. He also describes how he disposed six new names to the islands and sailed for a spell across the Cuba northern coast seeking for cities and their rulers but only found minute villages without any form of government (Phillips and Phillips 466). He faced challenges of getting information from the natives since they usually fled away when he approached. Therefore, he decided to go back to the southeast where he located the Hispaniola Island and explored its northern coast reporting that the Islands were suitable for colonization in the future since the natural habitat was very suitable for cultivation, livestock breeding and building of farms and towns. He preferred the Hispaniola than mountainous Cuba due to its spices, great gold mines and a lot of water. He characterizes the Indies inhabitants as innocent, primitive, unthreatening and unreasonable because the natives are unreligious, naive, generous and ready to exchange valuable goods for cheap ones. Finally, Columbus promises to bring back lots of gold, cotton, slaves and other valuable things only if his command to return with a bigger fleet is supported by the Catholic Monarchs. He urges the church and the Spanish people to thank God for giving him a chance to seek many souls to eternal salvation (Levine 68). The aim of writing this document was to reclaim the rights of the slaves who were captivated during the time of conflicts. He tried to pass a message to those in power to find a way of helping them and bringing them back home especially the women and children who passed through more challenges as compared to men. Moreover, this document is not only a random note but a scholarly thesis since it is used by political scientists and other scholars in explanation of past history in comparison to contemporary issues. It can be described as a political letter written to discuss governmental issues as it was dedicated to the rulers and the heads of the state concerning the lives of the indigenous residents of the land and the fight against the violation of their freedom. Furthermore, the writer made basic assumptions about the reader in that he assumed the consumer of the information could understand the native language since it was first printed in Spain. On his arrival on 4th March 1493 in Lisbon, he added a post-script and dispatched two more copies to the court (Levine 58). The first print was done in April 1493. Later, a Latin translation specifically devoted to Gabriel Sanchez was reprinted in Rome and then disseminated to several other locations for consumption by other people (Phillips and Phillips 500). These conversions made it easier for other interested readers to get a chance of reading it in an understandable way. The author also assumed that all the readers could understand the terms that are mostly used in the seas and oceans and presumed the consumers understanding of all the available holms. To testify, the reliability of this letter is not debatable at all. This is because the facts depicted out are very real and cannot be doubted. It announces the first exploration of Christopher that set out in 1492 and eventually reached the Americas (Phillips and Phillips 513). He also gave new names to the Indies Islands such as the Sant Salvador, Guanaham, Ferrandina, Hysabellam, Joanam and Hispana which exist up to date (Phillips and Phillips 465). (Levine) states that the society that produced this document seems to be very conservative since it values the rules of the country by addressing burning issues to those in power (72). In addition, it is war-oriented as there was a civil war that occurred which made the writer to direct the crisis to the right channel. In contrary, it is a rights-seeking kind of culture since a solution was being sought to release those who had been subjected to slavery. To add on, from the background of the story this social setting is religious as the creator of this primary source talks about the supreme being who granted to human exertions. Remarkably, this writing is very important to history as the whole world comes into prominence and play and the universe changes overnight. Undoubtedly, Columbus revived the ancient by setting up new territories for the imperial powers of the Europeans to conquer and colonize revealing the end of the western civilizations that collapsed introducing other products such as potatoes, tobacco and many others to the new states. Finally, this document is very meaningful to me since it lays a foundation for the modern day ways of handling conflicts by following the right protocol in order to solve issues that matter to us.
Posted by Unknown at 5:53 AM
Thursday, May 7, 2020
The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizure of property. This ensures that the government cannot take a private citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s property without their consent, a warrant or probable cause. The Fifth Amendment protects private property in two ways. The first, it ensures that a person cannot be deprived of private property without due process of law. This means that if the government is to seize private property they must compensate the owner for the property being seized. The second way it protects a personÃ¢â¬â¢s property is by limiting eminent domain, or the right of the government to seize land for public use, with compensation. In order for a plot of land to be seized it must meet the criteria of eminent domain. This means that the property being seized must be for the benefit of the public and the owner of the property must receive full, market priced compensation for the property. Some might argue that KhoslaÃ¢â¬â¢s land should be seized via emin ent domain; however, that would mean that: a. Khosla would need to be compensated more than $35 million dollars (2015 USD inflation calculated) in taxpayer money for the property and b. allowing access to a beach does not necessarily benefit the public in the same way building a road, or an irrigation system would. Critics of KhoslaÃ¢â¬â¢s actions typically claim he is in violation of the California State Constitution and/or the California Coastal Act of 1976. Article X, Section 4 of theShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Act of Search and Seizure in the United States978 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesknown to Ã¢â¬Å"hunt for property or communications believed to be evidence of crime, and the act of taking possession of this property,Ã¢â¬ also known as conducting a search and seizure. It is a necessary exercise in the ongoing pursuit of criminals. Search and seizures are used to produce evidence for the prosecution of alleged criminals. Protecting citizens from arbitrary searches, the Four th Amendment of the Constitution is our right to limit and deny any unreasonable search and seizure. More often thanRead MoreShould The Police Search The House Without A Warrant?1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesarrive at the house where the party is at due multiple calls about drugs and minors. They want to search the house and take a look around but you know there are drugs here and alcohol plus minors. Would it be okay if the police search the house without a warrant? Is this legal or illegal in this situation? I believe that under viable circumstances search and seizure is ethical because it protects citizens from an unlawful entry and provides protection for law enforcement in case a person is dangerous andRead MoreExclusionary Rule And The Rule Of Law1385 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgovernment authorities and machinery such as FBI and CIA from gathering evidence from an individual in a manner that disrespects the United States constitution. Therefore, the exclusionary law protects an indiv idual against unreasonable search or seizure in line with the provisions of the Fourth Amendment (Daly and Yvonne, pg. 209). Additionally, the exclusionary rule reinforces the Fourth Amendment, which protects the citizens against unlawful seizures and searches by law enforcement personnel. IdeallyRead MoreWhat is the Bill of Rights?1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThen the Constitution was created many citizens were concerned about the new government being too powerful. Citizens was fearing that their rights were being limited. This fear led to a demand that a Bill of rights was to be added to the Constitution and once the government went ot action the first item on the agenda was the Bill of Rights to be made. The Bill of Rights purpose was to clearly state the individual rights of American citizens. All ten Amendments in the Bill of rights are significantRead MoreImagine You Are On A Family Road Trip You Drive Through1403 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEither the officer wants to search your vehicle or arrest you. Is the question this legal or illegal for the officer to do? I believe that search and seizure are e thical because it protects citizens from an unlawful entry and provides protection for law enforcement in case a person is dangerous or to provide evidence to use in a criminal case in court. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated,Read MoreThe Fourth Amendment And The Fourteenth Amendment987 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCitizens are protected by two constitutional amendments, under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, any search of a person or his premises (including a vehicle), and any seizure of tangible evidence, must be reasonable. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularlyRead MoreFourth Amendment Protections And Denials1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAssignment 5: Fourth Amendment Protections and Denials Privacy is very important to some citizens, especially privacy in regards to personal and family matters. No one wants someone following and observing their every move, they also do not always enjoy the outside input of people who do not know their whole situations. The Fourth Amendment in the Constitution Ã¢â¬Å"protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures by the governmentÃ¢â¬ (What Does the Fourth Amendment Mean?). This has provided citizens withRead MoreThe Fourth Amendment And Warrants1710 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Fourth Amendment and Warrants The US Bill of Rights, written to limit government power in response to the tyranny of England on the colonies, gave birth to the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. The fourth amendment, contained within the Bill of Rights, will be the principle subject in this research paper. Swanson, Chamelin, Territo and Taylor (2012), noted the ConstitutionÃ¢â¬â¢s fourth amendment stated the following: The Right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers,Read MoreMobile Phones And The Advancements Of Modern Day1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof our Fourth Amendment right. Modern technology, such as cellular phones, challenge the standards of an individual s right to privacy as set forth in our Bill of Rights, Amendment No. 4. The conduct of illegal search s and or seizures became more prevalent with the introduction of the cellphone, thus demanding the Supreme Court revisits our Fourth Amendment with a modern-day spin. The Fourth Amendment became part of the Bill of Rights December 15, 1791, its purpose being to protect citizensRead MoreThe First Articles Of Confederation971 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBetween Virginia and Maryland leading to a consequence of a 5 year delay. Soon majority of the states accepted and the Articles of Confederation officially became ratified on March 1, 1781 (Articles of Confederation). On 1787 Thirty- Nine delegates from individual states united at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to discuss for a new government change. As the Article of Confederation was becoming weak and unsuccessful leading to a terrible economy. The delegateÃ¢â¬â¢s principle
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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
NIGHT ESSAY In the beginning of Night, written by Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel, Wiesel has been in the concentration camps suffering changes in his life, physically, mentally, and spiritually. In the beginning of Night, WieselÃ¢â¬â¢s identity is an innocent child and a devouted Jew. He was a happy child with a desire to study the Talmud, until his experience in Auschwitz, in which he changed his mental ways. We will write a custom essay sample on Night by Elie Wiesel or any similar topic only for you Order Now First of all, he used to believe that all people were nice and that human were not capable of hurting another human being. He later changed his mind after the way he saw the Hungarian police destroyed there own kind, human beings, and he no longer thought that way, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ Faster! Faster! Move, you lazy good-for-nothings! Ã¢â¬ the Hungarian police were screaming. That was when I began to hate them, and my hatred remains our only link today. They were our first oppressors. They were the first faces of hell and death (page 19). Ã¢â¬ The Hungarian police see the Jews as animals, a little insignificant animal they can devour. Another belief he used to have was that God should always be prayed and respected. He later told himself, Ã¢â¬Å"For the first time, I felt revolt rise up in me. Why should I bless His name? The Eternal, Lord of the Universe, the All-Powerful and Terrible, was silent. What had I to thank Him forÃ¢â¬ (Page 31)? Ã¢â¬ He felt like if God wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t doing anything to help these innocent human beings that practically praise him to save them all, when in reality, everyone is getting burned, abused, and getting shot. One of the thing the thought to have existed was the his opinion of the Hungarian police. In the beginning when the SS came to siget, the Jewish didnÃ¢â¬â¢t worry they welcomed them and they kept their space from them, he and the Jewish thought that they were not going to send them to those concentration camps Moishe the Beadle had told them about. all of the sudden everything changed, Ã¢â¬Å"From that moment on, everything happened very quickly. The race toward death had begun. First edict: Jews were prohibited from leaving their residences for three days, under penalty of death. The same day, the Hungarian police burst into every Jewish home in town: a Jew was henceforth forbidden to own gold, jewelry, or any valuables. Everything had to be handed over to the authorities, under penalty of death. Three days later, a new decree: every Jew had to wear the yellow star (Page 72). Ã¢â¬ He had many changes in his life, physically, mentally, and spiritually. although, what changed him the most was how he had changed mentally because thats the way life is reflecting his attutude towards other people, things, and thoughts How to cite Night by Elie Wiesel, Essay examples
Posted by Unknown at 9:24 AM
Monday, April 27, 2020
The Sun Vampires is an article by Cayte Williams outlining the dangers of using sun beds; addiction to sun beds and portrays the people who use sun beds as foolish. The article was printed in Ã¢â¬ËThe Big IssueÃ¢â¬â¢, which is most commonly sold by the homeless to earn money. Ã¢â¬ËThe Big IssueÃ¢â¬â¢ is targeted towards young casual readers who have knowledge of current affairs and have general concerns for society. The main message put across in the article by Cayte is that they are dangerous and can become very addictive. She outlines facts and figures from medical professionals to re-enforce her point of view, whist using experiences, from past and present Ã¢â¬ËtanorexicsÃ¢â¬â¢. The article appealed to the younger audience by keeping the tone humorous by using informal, casual language such as, Ã¢â¬Å"fork outÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"so who are these walking raisinsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"lets face itÃ¢â¬ , but still portraying the serious message of the health risks taken by using the sun bed. We will write a custom essay sample on Sun Vampiers or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The title Ã¢â¬ËSun VampiresÃ¢â¬â¢ grabs your attention due to the fact you would not associate Vampires with the Sun. This reflects well with the article because Vampires burn in sunlight. Followed up by the sub-heading, Ã¢â¬Å"desperate for a sun fixÃ¢â¬ supports the none association of Vampires and the Sun, intrigues you into reading more. The sub-heading, Ã¢â¬Å"incarcerated in hi-tech coffinsÃ¢â¬ along with the graphic illustration gives you an image of a burnt vampire within a coffin, but in fact it represents a Ã¢â¬ËtanorexicsÃ¢â¬â¢ using a hi-tech sun bed! The opening paragraph, sees Cayte personally involving the reader in an amusing way, to picture themselves confined within a sun bed, but comparing it to what she would consider an alien abduction! She does this by describing the sensations which are experienced on a sun bed, Ã¢â¬Å"lying in a big plastic cocoonÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"blue lights beats down at youÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"strange humming noisesÃ¢â¬ , all of which you would associate with the paranormal. The article goes on to a more serious note by informing us that the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (ICRF) have issued a fact sheet outling the dangerous effects of indoor tanning. She uses a third party spokeswoman for the ICRF, Christine Suggars to emphasise the extreme dangers and concerns for Ã¢â¬ËtanoerexicsÃ¢â¬â¢. She uses the word Ã¢â¬ËtanoerexicsÃ¢â¬â¢ in order to associate tanning with Ã¢â¬Å"an obsession with self-image and self-esteem, like anorexiaÃ¢â¬ . The paragraph is concluded with a light hearted statement of, Ã¢â¬Å"so who are these walking raisins, and why do they need a regular sun bed fixÃ¢â¬ , to engage the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s interest to find out who these people are. Again in the third paragraph she continues with her use of informal, casual language, such as Ã¢â¬Å"Lets face itÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"one hell of a habitÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"fork out toÃ¢â¬ , to keep her target audience interested. The paragraph takes on a more serious tone, when Jane Horwood describes her addiction. She compares her addiction to smoking and although she only used it once a week at first it gradually became once a night. She went to inform us she Ã¢â¬Å"was really upset that when i got pregnant my doctor told me i couldnt go on the sun bedÃ¢â¬ . This outlines the seriousness of the risks and how easily people can become addicted. Cayte leads us on to worrying information provided by Doctor Julia Newton Bishop, who is a consultant dermatologist at St JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ University Hospital in Leeds. She introduces Julia into the article to substantiate the facts of premature skin ageing and compares the problem in the elderly to younger patients who have over-used tanning equipment. This helps Cayte to persuade the reader to her point of view, by using an outside professional to reaffirm the effects of using the sun bed and explains you will have the opposite effect of what the younger generation want to achieve. Cayte re-introduces Christine Suggars of the ICRF who goes on to inform us of more medical conditions caused by over tanning but in in-depth medical terms, Ã¢â¬Å"UVA rays penetrate the skin more deeply, damaging the elastinÃ¢â¬ . This again re-enforces the hazards of sun bed use but also shows that Christine Suggars is a medical professional and has a wide knowledge of her chosen field. Having now been given concise information by professionals Cayte then moves on to the sun tanning industry. Shes continues in a judgemental manner regarding a well-known Ã¢â¬ËbrandÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"The Tanning ShopÃ¢â¬ whos first branch opened in 1992 and has over 150 branches throughout the country. She highlights Ã¢â¬Ëcontrolled tanningÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËconsultationÃ¢â¬â¢ to sarcastically mock the industry as she does not think this is their true reflection of the industryÃ¢â¬â¢s Code of Practice, and more concerned with their profit margin than the safety of their customers.
Posted by Unknown at 1:06 PM
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Looking At The Relationships Between Clients Social Work Essay Example Looking At The Relationships Between Clients Social Work Essay Looking At The Relationships Between Clients Social Work Essay The client came to confer with the declining father-son relationship and her boies behavioural jobs. She perceived it as a consequence of witnessing bridal force that she had been enduring for several months. She said her hubby had a bad pique, demoing no attention or regard to her and he frequently beat her in forepart of the kids after rummy. She remained tolerate and silent until the battery shifted to life endangering danger late. Harmonizing to what Mrs. Chan has said and worker s observation, there are three chief jobs in the household as listed below. Mrs. Chan has been enduring from her hubby s choleric pique and violent Acts of the Apostless over a long clip. The domestic force caused dangerous injuries to the client both physically and mentally. Empirical grounds shows that after physical maltreatment, the effects of psychological maltreatment can be even more detrimental. Women subsisters of domestic force have greater possibility to demo Post Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms, along with dissociation, depression, anxiousness and terror, with lowered self-esteem and self-efficacy, and low quality of life. The Son s behavioural job The two kids have been exposed to their male parent s opprobrious behaviour to their female parent. Witnessing a violent event, peculiarly one affecting parents, is likely to ensue in kids s serious accommodation and behavioural jobs. Witnessing is a stressor comparable in impact to the direct experience of a violent act. The symptom becomes stronger when the force is 1 ) long permanent, 2 ) human designed,3 ) in which the attacker and victim are close to them. Child are likely to bring forth PTSD reactions such as backdown, aggression and trouble in concentration after exposure to force. Thus school public presentation of the boy deteriorated and his pique worsened. He went so far as to conceal some arms to assail his male parent in instance to protect Mrs. Chan. Family Relationss Family is a particular societal system which performs certain maps and certain duties. It performs the indispensable map of go toing to the societal and educational demands, wellness and wellbeing, and common attention of its members. The Chan s household is in a dysfunctional position. Missing communications in both spousal and parental relationships leads to blockings in giving attentions, meeting demands, establishing maps and executing duties. Mr. Chan is busy on concern every twenty-four hours and the whole household rarely have activities together. A nerve-racking household environment under force restrains looks of feelings. Besides, kids who witnessed domestic force ever face a job of trueness. Choosing either side to back up will convey jobs in household dealingss necessarily. These three jobs are non separated from each other. Alternatively, they are someway in causal relationships. Spousal force caused kids s behavioural jobs and hapless household interactions, so in the intercession procedure, we have to turn to the jobs one by one harmonizing to this order. Intervention stage In order to acquire the household back to operation, we devised an intercession program for the above-named jobs based on informed consent to the client and ethic codifications of societal worker. Aims Short-run aims: To maintain the safety of Mrs. Chan and her kids To measure and to retrieve the injury of Mrs. Chan and her kids To quash Mr. Chan s aggressive behaviour and excite his motivation to alter Long-run aims To forestall any physical and mental maltreatment in the household To better parenting accomplishments To reconstruct the communicating and to advance harmonious and healthy relationship in the household Scheme and principles PTSD Assessment The Keane MMPI ( MMPI2 ) -PTSD Scale As Mrs. Chan has been enduring from intimate spouse force for several months, the effects of the maltreatment on her should be detected by scientific methods. The Keane MMPI PTSD Scale has proven to be a dependable and valid step of PTSD in beat-up adult females. If any symptoms are discovered, the worker would mention Mrs. Chan to professional healer for farther intervention. Fiscal Assistance and Group preparation Due to economic independency and isolation, the victim has really small money of her ain and few people on whom she can trust when seeking aid, so the worker would help Mrs. Chan to use for some fiscal aid like CSSA. In add-on, she lacks specialised accomplishments, instruction, assurance, self-esteem, self-efficacy. Not anticipating any agencies of supports could worsen her sense of hopelessness, weakness and hence depression. Therefore, preparations are necessary to assist her discovery paid employment to back up herself every bit good as her kids. Group developing like horticulture, handcrafting, cooking etc. can non merely equip her with some basic professional accomplishments but besides provide her with more interpersonal web and societal support. Additions in self-pride are due to the chances for societal interaction, creativeness and self-expression ( Parker, 2004 ) . Solution-focused intervention There are a batch of theories to explicate why persons get violent behaviours in intimate relationships. The societal acquisition theory suggests that the wrongdoers learn by sing or witnessing force and intergenerational transmittal of force exists in domestic force. Others focused on abnormal psychology and personality features. Biological and physiological factors can besides assist to bring forth force. Substance maltreatment such as intoxicant and drug ingestion may besides account the state of affairs in some manner. However, every bit far as we know at the minute, we can non state the ground why Mr. Chan beats his married woman. The lone thing we are certain for the minute is that Mr. Chan should do a alteration to halt the opprobrious Acts of the Apostless and reconstruct the household operation. The solution-focused intervention deemphasizes jobs and emphasizes the building of solutions. Rather than inquiring the wrongdoer to be responsible for the job, the intervention requests the wrongdoer to be accountable for solutions. The twosome have been married for 20 old ages and Mr. Chan has ever been difficult working on concern to back up the household. Out of this love, plus the worker s stimulation and counsel, Mr. Chan is expected to determine motivations, set meaningful ends to extinguish force and develop new behaviour to work out the jobs step by measure. Assessment interview, single, twosome and household solution-talks and offender group developing workshops will be carried out with the furthering of the intercession. Harmonizing to the self-changing procedure theory, there are five phases in the procedure of an person s alteration pre-contemplation, contemplation, finding, action and care, while backsliding is likely to happen at all phases. Therefore, the procedure would take a long clip and it needs worker s forbearance and encouragement wholly along. Art therapy In the Chan s instance, the boy has likely shown some mild symptoms of PTSD. Without intercession, it will take to impossible effects. The miss s status should besides be followed up although there is still no obvious symptom on her. Sing the age of the two kids, the worker would follow art therapy in the intercession. Children shows greater decrease in PTSD symptoms through originative look such as drawing, picture, drama, or storytelling. We plan to utilize this attack to help kids to place and alter destructive belief forms, identify and express emotional residue, exercise personal control, make programs for future and interrupt down the sense of isolation. Family Gathering Interactions and communications are indispensable to household operation. The worker suggests Mr. and Mrs. Chan form more household activities that can affect the whole household to advance the household relationship. Harmonizing to parent-child interaction therapy, such activities can modify manners between the parent and kid, diminish kid behaviour jobs and advance positive parenting. Furthermore, household assemblages can give Mr. Chan a opportunity to cognize how his married woman takes attention of the kids every twenty-four hours, which can advance love and esteem between the twosome. It is hoped that these activities can be held at least one time per hebdomad.
Posted by Unknown at 11:51 AM
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Term Paper Format Term Paper Format Term Paper Format There are many different types of terms papers and every tutor has his own formats and conventions. In your field of study, you will need to find out exactly what the accepted term paper conventions are. Note that these conventions may vary from one subject to the next. While writing a term paper, you will have to use different sources. If you do a good job with your research now, you may not have to do extra research later. Choose an original and interesting topic for term paper writing. Remember, if two term papers will have the same topic, be sure these two papers will be compared and examined very closely. While writing a term paper, choose the most direct way to express your point. Using too many words can be a greater problem than using the wrong word. Term Paper Format Tips Before writing a term paper, you probably will be assigned to use one of the term paper styles. You may be assigned either APA or MLA style term paper. While writing a term paper, examine the assigned style. Be sure that teacher will take into account your proper use of format. The term paper should have a title in the center of the first page. Pagination should start with the second page. Introduction, thesis statement, body paragraphs and conclusion are the essential part of the term paper writing. Use transitional sentences between the paragraphs You must not use first person 'I' or 'we'Ã or second person 'you' unless allowed by your teacher. Remember that term papers are written in a formal style. This does not mean that they have to contain long and difficult words, but rather that they do not contain contractions e.g: isn't, won't etc. Use Time New Roman or Arial font, 12 point, double-spaced format. Term paper topics mustn't have such words as 'how to'. The term paper should have at least 5 cited sources. If you paraphrase some information make sure that paraphrase has the same meaning as conveyed by the author. Change not only the sentence structure, but also the words. Give a reference to the author whom you are paraphrasing with both an in-text and reference page citation. If it is necessary, use integrating verbs. Be sure that your sentences sound natural. Paraphrase at least 70% of the time and don't forget to use scientific writing style. Cheek the term paper carefully for mistakes, it shouldn't have handwritten corrections. Custom Written Term Papers Term paper writing has a significant impact on your final grade for the course.Ã Many students believe that writing something is enough to get a good grade. This is a wrong assumption - writing something is not enough because your term paper is graded for clarity of idea expression, proper format, detailed referencing, and full coverage of the topic.Ã We offer you to use professional term paper writing help to ensure high grade.Ã We know what a good term paper is and we know how the great term paper is written.
Posted by Unknown at 3:37 AM